Creative personality as the synthesis of various texts in Russian cultural space of the early XX century
// Culture and Art. – 2020. – є 12.
– P. 99-115.
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Abstract: This article conducts culturological analysis of the diversity of intercultural communications in Russian culture of the early XX century. Cultural space as the text of culture of that time is characterized by a transitional state, synthetic and dialogical focus. The phenomenon of Russian culture consist in the intelligentsia represented by the cultural figures of the Silver Age and avant-garde, who have creative way of thinking and propensity for new achievements in art. The object of this research is the “textuality"”of Russian cultural space of the early XX century, which is comprised of a range of texts and semiotic systems. The subject is the creative minds interpreting as the text of personality. The leading theme became the determination of interaction and mutual influence of the phenomena of culture, dialogue between creative minds, interested in the problems of synthesis of arts, within the cultural-textual space. The novelty of this work is defined by insufficient coverage in culturology of the problem of interrelation between creative personality and text in culture of the Silver Age and the avant-garde. It is established that the cultural space of Russian avant-garde can be viewed as a “meta-semiotic formation”, which includes texts and “metatext”. Personality of the cultural figure as the foundation for classification of texts is referred to as “metatext”. Classification of texts consists of the verbal text (theoretical and literary texts, literature, epistolary) and nonverbal text (texts of behavior, everyday life, era). Literary texts of the cultural figures of the Silver Age contain texts of the works of art: painting, musical, poetic, prosaic, as well as critical reviews on art, manifestos, and others. Nonverbal texts include theatricalization of behavior, creative life, and mythologization of personality, which form the identification code of creative personality of the Silver Age that gravitates towards the synthesis of arts. It is determined that the period of development of Russian cultural space of Russia of the early XX century is characterized by such peculiarities as: synthetical nature, innovation of artistic language that consists of visual, verbal and audial texts on the basis of synthesis of painting, poetry and music.
Keywords: Silver Age, code, text of personality, creative personality, synthesis of arts, dialogue, textuality, text of culture, avant-garde, typology of texts
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